Tag Archives: creation

Evolution vs. Creation Philosophy Part IV of IV–Where is History Headed?

Part IV of IV—Where is history headed?

Think back to the 1920 stock market crash, to 9-11, or as recent as November 20th, 2016, the Trump election—no one saw them coming. We are not good at predicting the future, but the Bible is. Hundreds of predictions have been made and come true and some of them came thousands of years in advance. God’s word has predicted world shaking events, such as the time and place of Jesus’s birth, how and when Jesus would die and who would be by His side when He died, the name of the man who let the Israelites go after 70 years of captivity—Cyrus—and my favorite, what nations would pass across the stage of history (Daniel 3, 7, 9 and 11).

God showed Nebuchadnezzar, the King of Babylon, his golden kingdom would be replaced by the Meads and Persians, who would be ruled by Greece, and then Rome, and eventually Rome would fragment into 10 countries (Dan 3, 7, 11). It even gives the details: Greece would fall and divide into four parts (Dan 8), and three of the ten countries comprising the fallen Roman Empire would be plucked up by one unique power, and it did (Dan 7). It predicted the fall of the Vatican State, and its healing (Rev 13), and it even predicted the United State’s rise to power. But all of these events are past; does the Bible tell us what’s coming? Yes it does.

  1. The world will become more and more wicked, while it looks more and more religious (Rev 12, 13). Think hypocrisy and false religions.
  2. Countries and churches will unite to control the masses (Rev 13).
  3. A remnant of zealous Christians will give three moving messages to the world (Rev 14).
  4. The world will attempt to silence then destroy this small number of reformers (Rev 13); while
  5. Satan will fake Jesus’s return in an attempt to control the world.
  6. Jesus will come again just as society implodes; He’ll come to resurrect the righteous dead, translate the living saints, and take all of the saved to heaven for 1000 years (Rev 14).
  7. For a thousand years Satan and his evil imps will be confined to planet earth to contemplate their gloomy future, while the saints are reviewing the history books in heaven.
  8. At the end of the 1000 years, Jesus, God, the heavenly city New Jerusalem, and all the saints will descend back to earth;
  9. The rest of the dead, those lost, will be resurrected for judgment; they will see themselves and how they have despised God’s love and how they have unfitted themselves to live in God’s presence; and God will reveal Himself—giving life and vitality to those who love Him, but sadly destroying those who don’t.
  10. And forever more the saints will live in paradise made new. God will recreate the earth, probably in the same way He did it before, one day at a time, so we can watch and be amazed. He will wipe away our tears and all traces of sin; not a drop will remain except for the scars in Jesus’s hands, feet, and side.

It’s hard to believe the world could become any more wicked than it is, and could it really be worse than during world War II when 60 million people were slaughtered? It’s possible, but what’s unique this time is, it will be cloaked in religion. Already churches and countries are lining up: Catholic Europe, Central America, and South America; Muslim Middle East, and Protestant America; and within them the sins of pride and domination rule. It is one thing to humbly protect your own, but another completely to dominate and compel the conscience.

Coming out of this montage of religions a small group of zealous Christians will shake the earth with three simple messages:

Then I saw another angel flying in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach to those who dwell on the earth—to every nation, tribe, tongue, and people—saying, “Fear God and give Him Glory for the hour of his judgment has come; and worship Him who made heaven and earth, the sea and springs of water.” And another angel followed saying, “Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she has made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornications.” Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation. (Rev 14:6-9)

These three messages are much more complicated than they appear, and understanding them without the context of the rest of the Bible is really not possible. The Bible is internally consistent; it uses its own stories to define terms. For example, “forever” to us, means a long, long time, but Biblically, a slave could serve his master forever, so forever really means for as long as you live. We know we will live forever (using our modern definition) because the Bible says there will be no more death, not because it says forever. And wrath to us means an intense anger, but the wrath God is talking about, is God giving up on us, finally abandoning us, leaving us to drink the cup, to reap the natural consequences of our choices; and nobody really wants that to happen. When God did that in the past, Jerusalem was sieged, sacked, burned, destroyed, and demolished when He stopped protecting them from those Satan had control of.

What do the three-angels messages mean to you? What do you think are the most important terms and ideas? What do you think the everlasting gospel is, or the judgment, the mark, the image, and the beast? I’d like to know.

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Philosophy-Part II-What happened that it’s broken?

petri-dishI just read a few journal articles with titles like: “Is humanity a failed experiment?” “Is Humanity Failing?” “Why is humanity failing as a whole?” and “Humanity is a failed experiment”. The thought that something has gone wrong in the universe, and more importantly that something has gone wrong right here, is not just an isolated, random, or outlier thought. Thousands, possibly millions of people think something has gone terribly wrong. But what happened? What has happened that society is so broken? Why do people murder, lie to each other, cheat each other, and steal from each other?

In the naturalistic, big bang/evolutionary scenario, with its prime drivers—random chance and natural selection—humanity is not failing; it’s thriving; it’s doing exactly what it’s expected to do when a population increases to the point where there is an intense competition for resources. It’s true that the prognosis is not what we’d like: a massive die-off at the end, like a bacteria culture that has consumed all the nutrients from the petri dish. The whole batch dies leaving only a few, only the toughest, only the few mutant-like cells that were a little more tolerant, a little more adaptable to the harsh environment than the rest of the herd; and they will live on, repopulating the dish with an improved genome until the cycle repeats.

In a natural selection scenario, competition encourages lying to survive, hording money and groceries and houses and resources to out-compete your neighbors. You can do anything and say anything; you can even kill to survive, and it’s not considered an unnatural or immoral act: it’s just natural selection. So the fights, the wars, and the troubles we see and hear are normal; it’s just the survival of the fittest. The riots, the drug abuse, the immorality, the cruelty and the resulting poverty are only the results of following the natural ways of evolution to select out an even better genome. Through it all, evolution should produce, an even better, stronger, more cunning, and maybe a more ruthless, smarter race.

The Bible on the other hand suggests a more sinister plot to our plight. Our social problems are not the results of natural selection merely, but rather the desperate consequences of a galactic war gone bad, a spiritual war between good and evil, and it’s being played-out right here on planet Earth. God was accused of lying about the results of rebellion in His universe. Satan insisted that God was lying when he said rebellion brought on death; and when the chips were down, Adam and Eve sided with Satan.

What happened that society is so broken? Our planetary representatives rejected God’s personal leadership, and we are reaping the results. Fortunately, God did not wholly abandon us to Satan’s influence—we have been given a choice as to whom we will serve and which principles we will follow. The question is: will we follow our Creator or something less?

Dino NM

The images of enormous dinosaurs lumbering in verdant swamps came from where? Not Dinosaur National Monument. The 50-foot thick sediment-bed that entombs one of the largest death assemblages on earth is made up of volcanically derived clay, tuff, and chert not boggy peat or coal. There are almost no plant fossils–not even the most easily preserved representatives–spores and pollen. Where are the cycads, palm trees, and giant insects so representative of the highly portrayed prehistoric swamp?

Dino NM-7s?DNM Femur

At Dinosaur National Monument thousands of bones have already been recovered and can be found in museums all over the world. Note the 20 foot-long Camarasaurus and the 4 foot long Allosaurus femur that can still be seen at the museum.

It is really hard to piece together the past. We didn’t get to see it happen and sediments can be deposited in a number of ways. All we have to go on are the subtle clues left behind in the rock record, and even the easy clues can be misinterpreted. Sometimes the best clues are those not there. At Dinosaur N.M. (DNM) there are fossils of vertebrates and invertebrates, but almost no plants. This is plausible only if you understand this is not a stable environment where animals lived, played, and grew up. It is a catastrophic burial ground.

What we do see is articulated and disarticulated dinosaurs, fresh water clams and snails with modern-day analogs. There are a few logs and wood fragments all jumbled together in a matrix of volcanic clay and sand-size volcanic tuff and chert, a type of volcanic quartz. The montage is organized into channels that flowed west to east and compares favorably with the death assemblage at the Cleveland Lloyd Dinosaur Quarry located in Emery County, Utah, almost 200 miles to the south. That disaster was also preserved in the Morrison Formation.

Dino NM-5 Morrison drawing

What is the Morrison Formation made of, and how was it formed? The Morrison Formation consists of mudstone, sandstone, conglomerate, volcanic ash and bentonite, limestone and marl. It is famous for its beautiful red and white and green alternating strata, its uranium deposits, and its dinosaur bones. Many believe it is the result of hundreds of rivers, lakes, and splay deposits pouring off an uplifting volcanic range to the west, possibly from as far as the Sierra Nevada Range in California. The Morrison extends from New Mexico to Canada, from Utah to Kansas, spans 60,000 square kilometers, and can be as much as 1,000 feet thick in places. Note in the picture above how many states are associated with the formation. Geologists split the formation into four members for convenience: Windy Hill, Tidwell, Salt Wash, and Brushy Basin Members, but for the average person they are hard to tell apart.

Though there is no consensus, much of the evidence points toward a volcanically driven mudflow or lahar as the cause. At DNM up to 50% of the deposit may have been derived from volcanic ash. Do you remember the mud flows from  the Mt. St. Helens eruption? It may have been similar. The sediment is primarily volcanic, and the bedding is not indicative of normal fluid transport. Can you imagine a 50-foot high wall of surging mud and ash and water and tumbling dinosaurs speeding down a hill-side or stream channel at 30 to 40 miles per hour? How many of you have seen a lahar in action? Though much smaller than those at DNM, note these video examples of a lahar in action:

Television shows and movies like to show dinosaurs lumbering around, enjoying a slow paced, laze fair life-style, with an occasional predatory interlude; however, at least in a few locations such as Dinosaur National Monument, the animals were panicked and running for their lives when they came to their catastrophic end. It really was a monumental disaster.

 

Why Did Jesus Have to Die? Excerpt

Chapter 1

Why are things this way?

In your mind’s eye, look outside your door and peer into the ghettos and dark alleys of this world. In your heart, you know this is not what God had in mind for our planet. Sure, there is good out there, but there is bad too. There is beauty in bright smiles and romantic sunsets, blue oceans and painted deserts, quasars and star-studded skies, but there is ugliness in disease, decay, and death. And there is pain, a lot of pain. Why are things this way? Why do lions and tigers eat Bambi and Thumper? Why are the good often bad and the bad sometimes good? Why does the song say, “Only the good die young”? And why did someone as loving as Jesus have to die?

Many people have offered answers to that question. Some explanations revolve around some type of ransom being paid to the devil; others say that Jesus paid a debt to His Father, to the angels, or to sin itself. Are these the only options? Has the question been adequately addressed? Why is it that no earthly court would ever allow some saintly fellow to take the punishment for a criminal, yet many religions think it is okay for God to do so? Could punishing Gandhi ever atone for Hitler’s crimes? Could Mother Teresa’s virtue ever negate the lack thereof in Stalin, Pol Pot, Nero, Hirohito, or Osama bin Laden?

Surely it is arrogant to suggest that humanity has exhausted all the possibilities or that we could actually comprehend it all. So with that, I would like to throw one more possibility into the theological hat for consideration: the Great Controversy-Demonstration Model. Several people have incorporated great controversy concepts into their theology, but none have risen to the level of Graham Maxwell PhD, University of Chicago. Many of the ideas presented here were first learned from this great man.

This book is divided into four sections. The first is historic, tracing the biblical story to the cross. The second is allegorical, using train-wreck metaphors to compare theologies. The third section looks at issues one by one, and section four defines terms.

Cleaveland Lloyd Dinosaur Quarry

The Cleveland Lloyd Dinosaur Quarry had the greatest concentration of Jurassic dinosaur bones in the world.

The Cleveland Lloyd Dinosaur Quarry had the greatest concentration of Jurassic dinosaur bones in the world.

CLDQ Cleveland Lloyd Allasaurus Mike at the CLDQ

The Cleveland Lloyd Dinosaur Quarry is known for having the greatest concentration of Jurassic dinosaur bones on the planet. The bones were deposited in the Morrison Formation, a sand, silt, and clay rock unit which spreads out over 600,000 square miles and occupies parts of thirteen states, including Utah. The sediments at the Cleveland Lloyd Dinosaur Quarry are thought to have been deposited by/in/as:

1) A lakebed (Stokes, 1944)

2) An oxbow lake (Dodson et al., 1980)

3) A single catastrophic flood event (Hunt, 1986)

4) An ephemeral floodplain pond (Bilbey, 1998, 1999; Gates 2005); or

5) A meandering stream (VanDe Velde, 2006)

The photos above, and the professional opinions noted, should give you some indication of the environment the dinosaurs died in: water–mud and water.

Experts are also divided on how the dinosaurs died. Many think they died from:

1) A drought, an evaporating lake predator trap, like the California tar pits, only with mud. In this scenario some unfortunate herbivores got stuck in a muddy evaporating bog, and predators came to feast. Sadly though, over seventy of those big brutes got stuck themselves and died. There is a short piece written up on this in National Geographic, highlighting paleontologists Terry Gates and Sue Ann Bilbey. (http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/12/1220_021220_droughtdino_2.html)

2) A 1000-year flood event. Dinosaurs are swept up into raging flood waters, carried down-stream, and deposited on the quieter flood-plain. The bloating, floating, dead carcasses swirled out of the flood path into a crevasse splay and sank as a group. Soft sediment from the flood waters quickly buried the bodies with hardly a bite taken out (Mike Loewen, University of Utah, personal communication, October 2014).

3) A lethal spring. This is also a predator trap. Rising poisonous groundwater turns into a toxic briny spring killing those that drink. The smell attracts larger carnivores which subsequently get stuck in the wet, sticky, volcanic mud and die a slow, hungry death (Bilbey, 1998, 1999).

4) Fires destroying vegetation in large drainages. Without the protection of trees and grass to hold back and slow down the runoff after a hard rain storm, what would have been a small flood event becomes a massive, torrential flood drowning all those too slow to get out of harm’s way.

5) Erupting volcanos. Similar to Mt. Saint Helens, volcanos erupt and quickly melt their glaciers, which in turn cause catastrophic flooding. These torrents catch, kill, and then deposit all those unfortunate victims.

There are problems with all these theories; each model has data that doesn’t seem to fit, but any way you look at it, there was a lot of water, a lot of sediment, and a lot of death. Over 12,000 bones have been collected at the quarry and they are still digging.

We are told fossils testify to ancient life, and that is true, but they testify more clearly of death. There have been many mass extinctions recorded in the rock record and that’s one way geologists divide rock units and time.

There are three geologic eras, the Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic, and each era is broken down further and further into more and more detailed rock units. These eras are identified and separated by unprecedented catastrophic extinctions. At the end of the Mesozoic Era, fifty percent of all life forms became extinct. At the end of the Paleozoic Era, over ninety percent of all sea creatures and over seventy percent of all vertebrate land creatures went extinct. We have a living and dying planet.

Did you notice at the top of the page that one or two of the geologically accepted and politically correct theories is a catastrophic flood?  The scientists mentioned above would not be comfortable expanding their theories to a world-wide scale, but they would admit to the possibility of having a flood be the causative agent in these animal’s death- floods capable of taking down huge dinosaurs, transporting them for miles, and burying them. 

Isn’t it interesting that similar explanations are suggested in the Bible and other ancient documents? Maybe the Bible “legends” are not that far off from some of our scientific theories.

 

 

 

 

Geologic Dating and Assumptions

Assumptions. We have them in religion and in science. Both sides are pots calling the kettle black. Face it, we all make assumptions. Let me list a few. We say the Bible was inspired by God (2 Tim 3:16) and tell people to believe it by faith, without any additional explanation. Though the Bible makes this claim of inspiration, is it backed up? Is there evidence? Sure, but is it proof?

On the other hand, science says the Earth is 4.5 billion years old, and aging. That is a claim. Is their evidence? Sure, but is it proof? Science has used several methods to determine the age of the Earth and living things. We look at the current processes, calculate their rates of deposition, erosion, or disintegrations, and then back calculate. Using Niagara Falls for example, the falls erode approximately 1-foot a year and have cut a canyon 6.8 miles long; thus using this dating method the river has been cutting for almost 35,000 years. Today, geologists estimate the fall’s origin to be about 10,000 years, because now they use higher flow rates.

We have improved dating the earth and living things by using C-14/C-12 and U/Th dating, but there are still assumptions. It doesn’t matter what method is used, every decay-type dating method has to assume they know the ratio of parent to daughter products when the clock starts ticking. If the ratio is wrong, the results will be wrong. Let’s look at C-14/C-12. After the above-ground nuclear tests and WWII, the concentration of C-14 in the atmosphere about doubled. Today it is much closer to the theoretical 1950 standard, but it still has to be corrected for. If a similar event occurred in the past, one we couldn’t measure, we would not be able to recalibrate; we would not be able to accurately date the material. For radio-dating to work, we have to assume nothing has happened to affect the equilibrium.

The Bible claims that several events may have drastically altered the environment in the past, events that could have changed the concentrations of C-14, uranium, and other radioactive elements; and if so, we would have no idea of their original concentrations. After the act of creation and after Adam and Eve sinned, God left our planet to pretty much fend for itself, and when He left, the world was greatly changed. It’s possible that elements started to age and decay along with the rest of the Earth. Two thousand years later, the Bible records a dramatic flood where the fountains of the deep exploded and rain fell in torrents for months. Massive, worldwide changes were recorded. Could these events have affected the concentrations of these radioactive particles?

Using the Christian, Jewish, and Muslim model, if in the beginning, let’s say 6,000 to 10,000 years ago, there were no C-14 atoms in the atmosphere to decay, and if we happened to test one of the plants Adam ate, it would show an infinite age, because there would be no C-14. It would be assumed that all the C-14 had decayed to C-12, taking 50,000 years or more. However, if C-14 had increased in the atmosphere at a linear rate, gradually, until it reached its 1950 concentration, there could be organic matter that dated 5,000 to 50,000 years old, when it was really much younger. Radioactive dating depends on the assumption that current atomic concentrations and processes are the same now as those that operated in the past.

In the late 1700’s James Hutton, a Scottish Geologist, coined the phrase, “the present is the key to the past.” This was incorporated into the concept of uniformitarianism or gradualism, and combined with Lyell and Darwin’s work, became one of the strongest pillars of evolution. But saying the present is the key to the past, is an assumption. Does the rock record support Hutton’s theory? Do modern geologists echo Hutton’s mantra? No, most geologists today think the past was not just like today.

The processes we see today are only a sliver of the possible events that could have occurred. The basalt flows of the past, like the Columbia River basalts, dwarf any lava flows we see today, even in Hawaii. The river channels of the past, like the Grand Coolie and Grand Canyon, are giants compared to the scrawny rivers of today. There were thousands of glaciers and thousands of volcanoes in the past which dwarf those we see today. No, the world we see today is not the key to the past. If scientists hold tightly to uniformitarianism, they are standing on unsupported assumptions.

As Christians we need to point out to our geologist and biologist friends that their belief in an old Earth, at the expense of believing in the Bible, is built on assumptions; and we need to realize that our beliefs have assumptions. We just have to show them the solid basis of our assumptions. There are facts and data to support what we believe to be true. All scripture that is inspired of God is profitable, we just need to show how profitable it is, and show how the Bible is supported by archaeology and history. And consider the following video clips on the Missoula Floods, then ask yourself, is the present the key to the past? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5V1LAG9eA14 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4C9JLBzDu2Q